I hope everyone has some exciting plans for Silver Week! If you don’t, be sure to brush up on the words below so that you can confidently participate in conversations about UI, Ux, and more broadly in digital design. Even if you do have plans, make sure you fit this article into your schedule.
Happy Silver Week, everyone!
When talking about phones, tablets, computers, anything that users will use to access the “contentsu” you’re designing, the term “tanmatsu” to mean device is more commonly used. But, I haven’t come across anyone who doesn’t know the word “debaisu” to mean the same thing.
If you’re using a computer with your own personal settings, I’m sure you’ll have the settings in English. But just in case your office computers are set in Japanese or you’re wanting to give yourself a challenge, then this is the button you want to click when you’re looking for a file to upload.
“Sekkei” is a widely used word in Japanese, so it is important not only in design industries but other industries as well. This word for design largely refers to sketches, wireframes or other visualisations of your project, but it can also mean plan. Try to listen for context on this one and maybe double check to confirm what your boss wants from you!
While Information Architecture should be a term you’re familiar with take a look at the Kanji used here. You will notice that this word ends with “sekkei”, which is the word we just learnt, and begins with “jyouhou”, which means “information”. I like to think of it as informed design.
||to make a composite image/ to photoshop together
If you’re still a little unsure as to what this word means, chuck it into Google image and hit search (no guarantee these results will be SFW).
You might notice that these two words have “haba” in common. “Haba” on its own usually means side-to-side width, just like the English sense of the word. When paired with “yoko” (side), this side-to-side meaning is reinforced. When paired with “tate” (vertical), however, we get the vertical width of something. Or more appropriately in English, height.
||saishou haba/saidai haba
The kanji at the beginning of these two words, “sai”, means “most”. So if we want to break these words up simply, we have “most small width” and “most big width” and some not great English, but hopefully a good mnemonic.
As you’ll know, the term ratio comes up a lot in digital design so this is a good one to remember. When written with numbers ratios are written in Japanese the same as they are in English, e.g. 16:9.
Like in English, the word “anken” refers to a project as a whole. The word “purojekuto” (プロジェクト) is also widely understood in Japan, so don’t worry too much is you can’t remember “anken”. The “ken” part of “anken” can be translated as matter, and can be used when talking about certain parts of a project. For example; “Konoken ni tsuite wa…” means “For this matter…” or “For this part (of the project)…”
More often than not you might be referring to a specific extension in which case it would probably just be better to say “dotto pi- di- effu” (.pdf), or whichever extension you want to mention. However, when asking a client what kind of file they need when asking a client what kind of file they need, this term is very handy..
This word is one of the katakana words you look at a few times before finally saying it out aloud and realising what it is (well, I did). At least once you know it, it’s pretty likely you’ll remember it.
||bakku endo/furonto endo
Again, these two are words that aren’t actually too difficult, but sound different enough in Japanese that you’ll have to stop and think for a second.
Here are some handy phrases containing the word “kaizoudo”. “Kaizoudo no takai ime-ji” means “high resolution image”. At the other end of the spectrum we have “kaizoudo no hikui ime-ji”, meaning “low resolution image”. And to combine this word with another one we had earlier, “kaizoudo hiritsu”, or “resolution ratio”.
These next two words are best remembered as a pair. Add “suru” onto the ends of both “asshuku” and the below “kaitou” to turn them into verbs.
I find this word really interesting because of its kanji. The first one has a few meanings such as “remove” or “melt”. The second one means “freeze”. So put those two together and you get freeze-melt, better understood as unzip.
||collection of resources
This is a really broad term which can be used to talk about reference books, useful websites, anything you draw information from to make your project better. The first part of the word, “sozai”, is often first learnt as “ingredients”, but it covers a larger range of meanings than just the bits and pieces that you throw into your cooking.
||pararakkusu (tajyuu sukuro-ru)
This hot new web design technique has made its way to Japan. Whichever term you choose to use will be understood by people in the industry. An interesting tidbit “tajyuu sukuro-ru” means multi-layered scroll.
This term refers to when you design letters on a project to look as though they have been cut out of the image or shape to show through to the layer behind. As the name suggests (“shiro” means “white”), in Japanese design the letters generally become white.
Such a simple word, but I really like this one because it matches the English so precisely. We have “u’e” (over), “gaki” (write), and “hozon” (save). Perfect.
In Japanese there is another word for “contents”, which is “naiyou”. However, in this industry it is more common to hear “contentsu” to describe the contents of a website.
Obviously very important if you’re going to be working with a large group of people! This refers to the specification sheet used to record the spec’s of a project and to share them with the team.
As UI and digital design are relatively new industries with new technology, to keep up with the ever-changing terminology many of the terms have simply been directly imported from the English. Here is a list of some of those words with their katakana and pronunciations.
|| webu fonto
|| howaito supe-su
|| yu-za- jya-ni
|| ekusuperiansu mappu
|| risuponshibu webu dezain
||responsive web design
|| maruchi debaisu
|| furu sutakku
||slice (images for placement in a web design)
So that’s it for this month. Now with these words under your vocab belt, you’ll be better equipped to deal with talking with your Japanese co-workers about digital design. Join us again next when we will be decrypting one of the most used design programs in Japanese agencies: Adobe Illustrator.